Forecasts from Airports Council International (ACI) World show the path to recovery for the aviation industry will be slow and uncertain and, without government policy support and assistance, the industry continues to face collapse.
The organization’s most recent impact assessments have revealed the global airport industry experienced a reduction of more than six billion passengers by the end of 2020, representing a decline of 64.2% of global passenger traffic, with a reduction in revenue of US$111.8bn. Its forecasts show that over the next five years, global passenger traffic worldwide is expected to grow at an annualized rate of +2.4%, affected negatively in the short term by the continuing impact of the pandemic.
ACI notes that recovery is likely to be uneven across the world. While markets with significant domestic traffic are not expected to recover to pre-Covid-19 levels before 2023, markets with a significant share of international traffic will recover much more slowly.
It believes this slow recovery will only be possible, however, if governments introduce a consistent approach to testing in order to promote travel, and do away with restrictive quarantine measures, replacing them with a coordinated and risk-based approach combining testing and vaccination.
“The prospects for recovery in the aviation industry have taken a hit following the introduction of renewed travel restrictions and lockdowns in response to new variants of Covid-19 emerging,” remarked ACI World director general Luis Felipe de Oliveira.
“While ACI forecasts show there is a pathway for a long-term recovery, this can only be possible if a solid foundation can be laid in the short term with government policy support and direct assistance. The rapid deployment of vaccines is welcomed but there will be a considerable period before they are widely available so, in the meantime, there must be a proportionate approach to vaccination before travel balanced with a risk-based approach to testing.
“A coordinated approach to testing and vaccination will ensure the health and safety of passengers, staff and the general public; promote travel; and allow us to do away with restrictive quarantine measures that are hampering the industry efforts to prepare for a sustained recovery.”
ACI’s World Airport Traffic Forecasts show Asia-Pacific and Latin America-Caribbean are predicted to experience the fastest growth, achieving five-year growth rates of +3.5% and +3.1%, respectively. Africa, Europe, the Middle East and North America will see a more modest expansion, with growth ranging from +1.2% to +1.9%.
China is expected to become the largest passenger market in 2031 surpassing the USA and is projected to continue to dominate passenger rankings in 2040 with just over 3.6 billion passengers, an 18.3% share of the global passenger traffic market. The USA and India follow, with 2.9 and 1.3 billion passengers, respectively. Together, the three countries will handle almost 40% of global passenger traffic.